Privacy Law Comparison By State
In 2019, there were over 150 pieces of U.S. state and federal legislation considered that directly spoke to consumer data.
Traditionally, U.S. data privacy laws have applied to specific industries, such as finance, education, or health care. However, over the past few years, data privacy has become a bigger issue in the eyes of consumers: they’re creating more data than ever and not slowing down; data scandals occur weekly and are gaining more prominence in the news, and companies across industries have continued to prove themselves as poor stewards of the personal data they collect. In response, many state legislatures are proposing and passing laws to protect consumer privacy across the board.
Below, we’ve provided a high-level summary of the proposed state privacy laws across the U.S. The status, consumer rights, and business obligations are listed for each law.
Noted similarities across the new privacy bills:
all bills recognize the consumer’s right to opt-out of the sale of data—Maine’s LD 964 even requires an opt-in—and most recognize the consumer’s right to access collected, access shared, and deletion;
all bills recognized that business obligations should, at a minimum, include notice and transparency requirements;
many bills suggested implementing a strict age-based opt-in to protect minors;
and fewer recognize consumer rights to portability.
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